To improve upon the consistency of the M w scale for a wider range, a uniform generalized seismic moment magnitude scale M wg = log M 0 / 1.36 − 12.68 , for magnitudes ≥ 4.5 , has been developed, considering 25,708 global earthquake events having m b and M 0 values from ISC and Global CMT databases, respectively, during the period ...Reusch of the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network said that the activity at the time was close to a magnitude 2.0 earthquake. The “Swift Quake” was recorded by the same seismic station, located ...This means that the moment magnitude scale can be used to measure the largest earthquakes without underestimating their magnitude. The Mw scale is logarithmic, ...11.3 Measuring Earthquakes. There are two main ways to measure earthquakes. The first of these is an estimate of the energy released, and the value is referred to as magnitude. This is the number that is typically used by the press when a big earthquake happens. It is often referred to as "Richter magnitude," but that is a misnomer, and it ...The Richter magnitude scale is used to measure the magnitude of earthquakes. It was developed by Charles F. Richter of the California Institute of Technology in 1935. It is a logarithmic scale that ranges from 0 to over 10. Each unit of increase on this scale, corresponds to an increase by a factor of 10, and the magnitude is expressed in the ...The China seismic intensity scale (CSIS) is a national standard in the People's Republic of China used to measure seismic intensity.Similar to EMS-92 on which CSIS drew reference, seismic impacts are classified into 12 degrees of intensity, or liedu (Chinese: 烈度; pinyin: lièdù, literally "degrees of violence") in Roman numerals from I for insensible to XII for landscape reshaping.Richter scale, widely used quantitative measure of an earthquake's magnitude (size), devised in 1935 by American seismologists Charles F. Richter and Beno Gutenberg. Magnitude is determined using the logarithm of the amplitude (height) of the largest seismic wave calibrated to a scale by a seismograph.Earthquake shaking is measured using the Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) Scale. Whereas the magnitude of an earthquake describes how much energy is released by an earthquake, calculated according to the length of a fault rupture and how far it slipped, the MMI scale describes the intensity of earthquake shaking at a specific location by considering its effects on people, objects and buildings.The three statements describe the moment magnitude scale are,. B.It collects data using a seismograph.. C. It shows the types of seismic waves that were produced.. D. It estimates the total energy released from an earthquake.. What is moment magnitude scale? The moment magnitude scale exists founded on the total moment release of the earthquake. The moment exists as a product of the distance a ...Some of the studies suggested the integration of the ESI-07 scale with faulting type, earthquake magnitude will be helpful for the development of earthquake attenuation relationship and ShakeMaps which may overcome the uncertainty in a developed attenuation relationship using traditional intensity scales (Silva et al., 2017). However, there are ...Based on the earthquake event data accumulated by the Turkish National Seismic Network between 2007 and 2013, the local magnitude (Richter, Ml) scale is calibrated for Turkey and the close ...A significant earthquake with a magnitude of 4.6 on the Richter scale occurred today south of the Fiji Islands in the South Pacific Ocean, as documented by major seismic monitoring bodies.Less severe earthquakes tend to have similar numbers on both scales, but as they become more severe, the numbers diverge. However, some people use the term Richter scale to refer to any earthquake measurement scale. The moment magnitude scale starts at 2.0 and goes up to 10.6.The MM scale measures intensity of shaking, at any particular location, on the surface. It was developed from Giuseppe Mercalli 's Mercalli intensity scale of 1902. While shaking experienced at the surface is caused by the seismic energy released by an earthquake, earthquakes differ in how much of their energy is radiated as seismic waves.However, the magnitude coefficients are different (a = 0.92 from strainmeters) mainly because the DAS scaling relation is obtained from strain-rate data, while the strainmeter scaling relation is based on strain data. The different physical quantities scale differently with earthquake magnitude.Cameroun seismic monitoring network in 2000, Ghana digital seismic network in 2005 and the Nigerian new seismic network of stations in 2008, more and more micro seismic events from 1.5 up to 3.5 are expected to be recorded, with respect to a specific magnitude scale, which could differ from one station to another, depending on …K is nominally the logarithm of seismic energy (in Joules) radiated by an earthquake, as expressed in the formula K = log E S. Values of K in the range of 12 to 15 correspond approximately to the range of 4.5 to 6 in other magnitude scales; a magnitude M w 6.0 quake will register between 13 and 14.5 on various K-class scales.The Richter magnitude scale (also Richter scale) assigns a magnitude number to quantify the energy released by an earthquake. The Richter scale, developed in the 1930s, is a base-10 logarithmic scale, which defines magnitude as the logarithm of the ratio of the amplitude of the seismic waves to an arbitrary, minor amplitude.Seismic waves and factors related to the shifting ground determine an earthquake’s magnitude, as measured through 10 on the scale most commonly used to describe quakes.The moment-magnitude scale is logarithmic, so an increase of one unit means an earthquake is 10 times bigger, with about 30 times the energy produced. Small earthquakes have about the same value on the Richter scale and the moment magnitude scale, so Richter is fine for those.The magnitudes of earthquakes are measured on a scale known as the Richter Scale. The Haitian earthquake registered a 7.0 on the Richter Scale whereas the Japanese earthquake registered a 9.0. The Richter Scale is a base-ten logarithmic scale. In other words, an earthquake of magnitude 8 is not twice as great as an earthquake of magnitude 4.A seismic intensity scale measures the effects of an earthquake, and is distinct from earthquake magnitude scales, usually reported for an earthquake in the United States. Earthquake Magnitude scales can be thought of as a measure of the total energy released by the earthquake. The intensity of an earthquake varies by sites, and is not totally ...An example of P and S seismic wave records is shown in Figure 11.13. The critical parameters for the measurement of Richter magnitude are labelled, ... The magnitude scale is logarithmic; in fact, the amount of energy released by an earthquake of M4 is 32 times higher than that released by one of M3, ...Earthquake - Magnitude, Intensity, Effects: The violence of seismic shaking varies considerably over a single affected area. Because the entire range of observed effects is not capable of simple quantitative definition, the strength of the shaking is commonly estimated by reference to intensity scales that describe the effects in qualitative terms.In practice, seismic intensity is evaluated in accordance with a macroseismic-intensity scale recognized in the field of seismic engineering globally. ... Gutenberg B, Richter CF (1956) Earthquake magnitude, intensity, energy, and acceleration. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 46(2): 105–146. Crossref. Google Scholar.The answer lies in the way that earthquake magnitude is expressed. Earthquakes range enormously in scale, from tiny temblors far too small to be felt to massive quakes that can actually move mountains. Since the 1780s various scales have been devised in an effort to convey the power of earthquakes and several systems remain in use around the ...July 22, 2020 You may not always feel the earth shaking, but California has earthquakes occurring all the time. Seismographic networks measure earthquakes by their magnitude, energy release and intensity. Years ago, all magnitude scales were based on the recorded waveform lengths or the length of a seismic wave from one peak to the next.This Richter Scale calculator computes the magnitude of a seismic event such as an earthquake using the Richter Scale method, which expresses magnitude relative to a standard amplitude (S). The input is the intensity of the earthquake typically measured 100 kilometers from the epicenter of the event. The standard amplitude (S) is defined to be ...Intensity Scale Shaking Description; I: Scarcely Perceptible: Perceptible to people under favorable circumstances. Delicately balanced objects are disturbed slightly. ... Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. Address: PHIVOLCS Building, C.P Garcia Ave., U.P. Diliman, Quezon City Philippines 1101. Trunkline: +632 8426-1468The seismic wave amplitude recorded on the seismogram is ten times greater for each increase of 1 unit on the Richter scale. That means a magnitude six earthquake shakes the ground ten times more than a magnitude 5. However, the actual energy released for each 1-unit magnitude increase is 32 times greater. That means energy released for a ...Magnitude calculations are based on a logarithmic scale, so a ten-fold drop in amplitude decreases the magnitude by 1.If an amplitude of 20 millimetres as measured on a seismic signal corresponds to a magnitude 2 earthquake, then:10 times less (2 millimetres) corresponds to a magnitude of 1;100 times less (0.2 millimetres) corresponds to ... Magnitude saturation also occurs in body-wave magnitude (m b) and surface-wave magnitude (M S) calculations as earthquake magnitudes approach or exceed magnitude 8. Magnitude saturation was the reason that the Chile earthquake of 1960 was first calculated as being a magnitude-8.3 event on the surface-wave magnitude scale before it was ...Epicenter. The epicenter is directly above the earthquake 's hypocenter (also called the focus ). The epicenter ( / ˈɛpɪˌsɛntər / ), epicentre, or epicentrum [1] in seismology is the point on the Earth 's surface directly above a hypocenter or focus, the point where an earthquake or an underground explosion originates.Extra Seismogram Facts. ~ Straight line - indicates no seismic activity (no earthquake). ~ Zigzag line - indicates seismic activity (an earthquake). ~ P waves (the fastest waves) are shown 1st, then S waves are shown. Surface waves (the slowest waves) are shown last. ~ Greater line height indicates a more severe quake or a quake that is closer ...Unlike the Richter and moment magnitude scales, it is not a measure of the total energy (magnitude, or size) of an earthquake, but rather of how much the earth shakes at a given geographic point. The Mercalli intensity scale uses personal reports and observations to measure earthquake intensity but PGA is measured by instruments, such as ...A week ago, Nepal's Sudurpaschim province was struck by an earthquake of magnitude 4.8 on Richter scale on October 16. In 2015, a high-intensity earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck the country ...Seismic intensity scales categorize the intensity or severity of ground shaking (quaking) at a given location, such as resulting from an earthquake.They are distinguished from seismic magnitude scales, which measure the magnitude or overall strength of an earthquake, which may, or perhaps may not, cause perceptible shaking.Escalas de magnitud sísmica. Las escalas de magnitud sísmica se utilizan para describir la fuerza general o el "tamaño" de un terremoto . Estos se distinguen de las escalas de …The moment magnitude scale ( MMS; denoted explicitly with Mw or Mw, and generally implied with use of a single M for magnitude [1]) is a measure of an earthquake 's magnitude ("size" or strength) based on its seismic moment. It was defined in a 1979 paper by Thomas C. Hanks and Hiroo Kanamori. Illustration of richter earthquake magnitude scale and classes vector art, clipart and stock vectors. Image 86627414.Related to the Richter's scale is the Moment magnitude scale, it's an updated better way to measure, but it usually produce similar values as the old Richter's scale and the two scales are often confused in media. There are few other scales, Body wave magnitude, surface wave magnitude, but to my knowledge they also stay under 10.Essentially, magnitude is the relative size of an earthquake, or how much energy it exerts. There are different scales available for measuring magnitude, however, the USGS recommends the Moment Magnitude Scale (MMS), which was developed to address the shortcomings of the better known Richter Scale (no longer used by seismologists).Pages in category "Seismic magnitude scales". The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. This list may not reflect recent changes . Seismic magnitude scales.Other magnitude scales are based on the duration of shaking or matching the seismic waveform wiggle-for-wiggle to a model. Those are for a different blog (and our soon-to-be-published "Discovery & Outreach" wepages) and they are all, ultimately tied to the Local Magnitude, (or ML). It's Beno Guttenberg and Charlie Richter's fault...It replaces the 84-year-old Richter scale introduced in 1935. The Indian geophysics scientist made a Physics-based earthquake measuring system with a greater degree of accuracy than the American scientist Charles Francis Richter’s ‘localised’ creation. The Mwg is a fundamental contribution to understanding the physics of earthquakes and ...The moment magnitude scale is another earthquake measurement scale used by some seismologists. What is the earthquake Richter scale? The Richter magnitude scale, also known as the local magnitude (M) scale, assigns a number to quantify the amount of seismic energy released by an earthquake. It is a base-10 logarithmic scale.Also, a tsunami-earthquake with a tsunami magnitude scales (Mt) between 8.6 and 9.0 (Similar to the 1896 Sanriku earthquake, the Mt for the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake was 9.1-9.4) had a 30% chance to occur within 30 years.Shocks of magnitude 3 are perceptible over an area some 20 kilometers in radius; those of magnitude 4.5 are capable of causing slight damage near the epicenter; those of magnitude 6 are destructive over a restricted area; those of magnitude 7.5 are at the lower limit of major earthquakes. Representative shocks of various magnitudes are discussed.When an earthquake occurs, JMA immediately issues information on its hypocenter, magnitude and observed seismic intensity. If the seismic intensity is 3 or greater, ... Seismic intensity describes the scale of the ground motion at a particular location.K is nominally the logarithm of seismic energy (in Joules) radiated by an earthquake, as expressed in the formula K = log E S. Values of K in the range of 12 to 15 correspond approximately to the range of 4.5 to 6 in other magnitude scales; a magnitude M w 6.0 quake will register between 13 and 14.5 on various K-class scales.The instrumental scales used to describe the size of an earthquake began with the Richter magnitude scale in the 1930s. It is a relatively simple measurement of an event's amplitude, and its use has become minimal in the 21st century. Seismic waves travel through the Earth's interior and can be recorded by seismometers at great distances.“Seismic activity” is defined as the vibration of the ground due to the release of elastic energy from the breakage of rock within the earth or an explosion. Most seismic activity is caused by the movement of tectonic plates.Tipos de escalas sísmicas: Escala Richter y escala Mercalli. A. Escala de Richter: También conocida como escala de magnitud local (ML). Es una escala logarítmica arbitraria que …Abstract. We present regional earthquake magnitude conversion relations among different magnitude scales (Mw, Ms, mb, ML, and MD) for the Himalayan seismic belt developed from data of local ...Seismic magnitude scales are used to describe the overall strength or "size" of an earthquake.Magnitude calculations are based on a logarithmic scale, so a ten-fold drop in amplitude decreases the magnitude by 1.If an amplitude of 20 millimetres as measured on a seismic signal corresponds to a magnitude 2 earthquake, then:10 times less (2 millimetres) corresponds to a magnitude of 1;100 times less (0.2 millimetres) corresponds to ...Wondering how earthquakes are measured? Seismologists have developed a new measurement of earthquake size, called the Moment Magnitude. All earthquakes can now be compared on the same scale with the Moment Magnitude. Previously, the Richter scale was used, however, it is precise only for measuring earthquakes of a certain size and at a certain ...The magnitude 7.8 and 7.6 quakes are classified as 'major' on the Richter scale. Al Jazeera explains what this means.To improve upon the consistency of the M w scale for a wider range, a uniform generalized seismic moment magnitude scale M wg log M 0 =1:36 − 12:68, for …Scientists use seismic waves to measure how big an earthquake is. They use a device called a seismograph to measure the size of the waves. The size of the waves is called the magnitude. To tell the strength of an earthquake scientists use a scale called the Moment Magnitude Scale or MMS (it used to be called the Richter scale).A new locally calibrated M L scale was derived for the area around the Shanxi rift system, North China, from 83 events recorded on 56 stations of the Shanxi Seismic Network (SSN) resulting in 2,633 observations during the period of 2008-2012. It is expressed as M L = log(A) + 0.80log(R) + 0.00187R − 1.4, where A is the maximum amplitude of vertical component in nanometer (nm) measured on a ...Each earthquake has a single value on a magnitude scale – the strength right in the body of rock that sprang to a new position or broke. The magnitude scale is logarithmic – an earthquake of magnitude 2 is 30 times as large as one of magnitude 1, and an earthquake of magnitude 5 is 27,000 times larger than one of magnitude 2. An earthquake of magnitude 4.3 jolted Myanmar on Monday morning, the National Center for Seismology (NCS) said. The earthquake was at a depth of 90 km, NCS said (Rep image) According to the NCS ...The magnitude scale is logarithmic. This means that, at the same distance, an earthquake of magnitude 6 produces vibrations with amplitudes 10 times greater than those from a magnitude 5 earthquake and 100 times greater than those from a magnitude 4 earthquake. In terms of energy, an earthquake of magnitude 6 releases about 30 times more energy ...The _____ magnitude scale is useful for measuring the strength of earthquakes of all sizes and at all distances from a seismograph. moment Which statement about the Mercalli scale is true?Magnitude saturation also occurs in body-wave magnitude (m b) and surface-wave magnitude (M S) calculations as earthquake magnitudes approach or exceed magnitude 8. Magnitude saturation was the reason that the Chile earthquake of 1960 was first calculated as being a magnitude-8.3 event on the surface-wave magnitude scale before it was ...Earthquakes less than 3.5 on this scale are generally not felt at the surface, but can be detected by sensitive instruments called seismometers. ... When a magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurs in the Southeast, the waves affect a larger area and can cause more damage at a greater distance than when a similar shock hits California.A Taylor Swift concert in downtown Seattle last weekend shook the ground so hard, it registered signals on a nearby seismometer roughly equivalent to a magnitude 2.3 earthquake, seismologists said ...The Richter Scale is logarithmic, meaning that an earthquake of magnitude 5.0 has 10 times the wave amplitude of a magnitude 4.0 and 100 times the ground vibration amplitude of a magnitude 3.0 event. As a first approximation, each whole number increment on the Richter Scale corresponds to a release of about 31 times more seismic, or vibrational, …The Richter scale of earthquake magnitude has values from 0-10. Richter's method works well for small to moderate earthquakes but loses sensitivity when comparing different earthquakes with large amounts of energy released. Today, the magnitude is estimated based on the rupture energy released. This magnitude has been calibrated back to the ...The difference between these two magnitudes is... A magnitude earthquake. is times bigger than. a magnitude earthquake, but it is times stronger (energy release). USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, responsible for monitoring, reporting, and researching earthquakes and earthquake hazards.d) All earthquake magnitude scales are logarithmic, which means a difference of one unit in magnitude reading represents a ten-fold difference in ground motion. e) The energy released from a magnitude 6.6 earthquake is 10 times greater than the energy released from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake.In 1933, the American seismologist Charles. F. Righter introduced the earthquake magnitude scale (known as the Richter magnitude scale) as the logarithm to the base 10 of the maximum seismic waves amplitude reported on a standard seismograph (in thousandths of ml) at a distance of 60 miles or 100 km from the earthquake epicentre.Magnitude is expressed in whole numbers and decimal fractions. For example, a magnitude 5.3 is a moderate earthquake, and a 6.3 is a strong earthquake. Because of the logarithmic basis of the scale, each whole number increase in magnitude represents a tenfold increase in measured amplitude as measured on a seismogram.Charles F. Richter devised his magnitude scale in the mid-1930s while investigating earthquakes in California. He used seismographs which magnified ground motion 2800 times, and as a baseline, he defined a magnitude 0 earthquake as being one that would produce a record with an amplitude of one-thousandth of a millimeter at a distance of 100 ...Today earthquake intensity is recorded with a Moment Magnitude Scale (MMS) which is based on the seismic moment of the earthquake, which is equal to the rigidity of the Earth multiplied by the average amount of slip on the fault and the size of the area that slipped. Richter scale and moment magnitude scales are similar, but the MMS scale is ...To improve upon the consistency of the Mw M w scale for a wider range, a uniform generalized seismic moment magnitude scale Mwg = logM0/1.36 − 12.68 M wg …PHIVOLCS Earthquake Intensity Scale (PEIS) Perceptible to people under favorable circumstances. Delicately balanced objects are disturbed slightly. Still Water in containers oscillates slowly. Felt by few individuals at rest indoors. Hanging objects swing slightly. Still Water in containers oscillates noticeably. Felt by many people indoors ...Magnitude calculations are based on a logarithmic scale, so a ten-fold drop in amplitude decreases the magnitude by 1.If an amplitude of 20 millimetres as measured on a seismic signal corresponds to a magnitude 2 earthquake, then:10 times less (2 millimetres) corresponds to a magnitude of 1;100 times less (0.2 millimetres) corresponds to ...Magnitude calculations are based on a logarithmic scale, so a ten-fold drop in amplitude decreases the magnitude by 1.If an amplitude of 20 millimetres as measured on a seismic signal corresponds to a magnitude 2 earthquake, then:10 times less (2 millimetres) corresponds to a magnitude of 1;100 times less (0.2 millimetres) corresponds to ...Geology. Getty Images A moderate earthquake registers between 5 and 5.9 on the Richter scale and causes slight damage to buildings and other structures. There are about 500 of these around the globe every year. An earthquake of magnitude 5.5 struck the border between Quebec, seen here, and Ontario in June 2010.Feb 21, 2008 · A magnitude-3.9 earthquake at 6:14 p.m., H.s.t., on Tuesday, February 19, was located 10 km (6 miles) west-northwest of Ka`ena Point at a depth of 10 km (6 miles). Visit our Web site for daily Kīlauea eruption updates and nearly real-time Hawai`i earthquake information. Kīlauea daily update summaries are also available by phone at (808) 967 ... Magnitude saturation also occurs in body-wave magnitude (m b) and surface-wave magnitude (M S) calculations as earthquake magnitudes approach or exceed magnitude 8. Magnitude saturation was the reason that the Chile earthquake of 1960 was first calculated as being a magnitude-8.3 event on the surface-wave magnitude scale before it was ...Magnitude (a.k.a. the Richter Magnitude scale) measures the amount of energy released at the earthquake’s epicenter. The scale can go up to as high as 9.5 (this was the largest ever recorded in ...EARTHQUAKE MAGNITUDE SCALES. Richter Magnitude. Charles F. Richter introduced the Richter scale in 1935. The Richter magnitude is denoted as ML. It is also ...Magnitude estimation is a vital task within earthquake early warning (EEW) systems (EEWSs). To improve the magnitude determination accuracy after P-wave arrival, we introduce an advanced magnitude prediction model that uses a deep convolutional neural network for earthquake magnitude estimation (DCNN-M). In this paper, we use the inland strong-motion data obtained from the Japan Kyoshin ...Epicenter. The epicenter is directly above the earthquake 's hypocenter (also called the focus ). The epicenter ( / ˈɛpɪˌsɛntər / ), epicentre, or epicentrum [1] in seismology is the point on the Earth 's surface directly above a hypocenter or focus, the point where an earthquake or an underground explosion originates.The magnitude of an earthquake is related to the total energy released, therefore to estimate it from a seismogram you need to know the distance to the source. In the case of the Richter scale for example, the relationship between magnitude and seismogram amplitude is defined for a standard distance. If you have only one seismograph, you can ...Aftershock. In seismology, an aftershock is a smaller earthquake that follows a larger earthquake, in the same area of the main shock, caused as the displaced crust adjusts to the effects of the main shock. Large earthquakes can have hundreds to thousands of instrumentally detectable aftershocks, which steadily decrease in magnitude and ...Presentation Transcript. Earthquake Magnitude and Intensity • Magnitude is the measurement of the amount of energy released during an earthquake. • The Richter scale is a numerical scale based on the size of the largest seismic waves generated by a quake that is used to describe its magnitude. • Each successive number in the scale ...Richter Magnitude Scale. Charles F. Richter developed the Richter magnitude scale (M L) for measuring the strength (amount of energy released) of earthquakes in 1930s. Because of the various shortcomings of the M L scale, seismologists now use moment magnitude scale (M w ). Both the scales are logarithmic and are scaled to have roughly ...surface-wave magnitude (Ms), (3) body-wave magnitude (Mb), and (4) moment magnitude (Mw). Scales 1-3 have limited range and applicability and do not satisfactorily measure the size of the largest earthquakes. The moment magnitude (Mw) scale, based on the concept of seismic moment, is uniformly applicable to allOther magnitude scales are based on the duration of shaking or matching the seismic waveform wiggle-for-wiggle to a model. Those are for a different blog (and our soon-to-be-published "Discovery & Outreach" wepages) and they are all, ultimately tied to the Local Magnitude, (or ML). It's Beno Guttenberg and Charlie Richter's fault...The Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale of 1931 is the basis for the U.S. evaluation of seismic intensity.Intensity is different than the magnitude in that it is based on observations of the effects and damage of an earthquake, not on scientific measurements.This means that an earthquake may have different intensities from place …. Aiming to assess the strength of earthquakes in Southern CaliThe moment magnitude (M W), which is measur A tool devised in the recent past ( Michetti et al. 2007) to improve the intensity characterization is the Environmental Seismic Intensity (ESI) scale. It is a 12 degrees intensity scale (Table 1) solely based on EEEs, whose documentation has seen a considerable growth in the past decades.Pages in category "Seismic magnitude scales". The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. This list may not reflect recent changes . Seismic magnitude scales. However, the actual energy released for each 1-unit magnitude increas Richter Magnitude Scale. Charles F. Richter developed the Richter magnitude scale (M L) for measuring the strength (amount of energy released) of earthquakes in 1930s.; Because of the various shortcomings of the M L scale, seismologists now use moment magnitude scale (M w).; Both the scales are logarithmic and are … Seismic magnitude scales explained. Seismic magn...

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